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The Ultimate Guide to Nasturtium Types


nasturtium types
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Nasturtium Types: An Overview

Nasturtiums are beautiful and unique flowers that come in a variety of types. They belong to the Tropaeolaceae family and are native to South America. These plants are commonly grown as ornamental flowers due to their vibrant colors and unusual appearance. In this guide, we will explore the different types of nasturtiums that exist and how to grow them successfully.

Tropaeolum Majus

Tropaeolum majus is the most popular type of nasturtium. It is also known as the common nasturtium or garden nasturtium. This species is an annual plant that grows up to 3 feet tall and has round leaves with five lobes. The flowers are bright yellow, orange, or red and bloom from early summer to fall. Gardeners love this type of nasturtium because it is easy to grow and adds a pop of color to any garden.

Growing Tips for Tropaeolum Majus

To grow Tropaeolum majus, you need to sow the seeds directly into the soil during the spring season. Make sure the soil is well-draining and fertile. You should water the plants regularly but avoid overwatering, as they do not like soggy soil. Provide them with plenty of sunlight and fertilizer to encourage healthy growth.

Benefits of Tropaeolum Majus

Aside from its beauty, Tropaeolum majus has several benefits. The flowers and leaves are edible and add a peppery flavor to salads and soups. The plant also repels pests like aphids, whiteflies, and squash bugs, making it an excellent companion for vegetables like tomatoes and cucumbers.

Tropaeolum Peregrinum

Tropaeolum peregrinum is also known as canary creeper or canarybird vine. This type of nasturtium is a climbing vine that can grow up to 10 feet tall. The flowers are pale yellow with red spots and bloom from early summer to fall. Gardeners love this type of nasturtium because it adds height and drama to any garden.

Growing Tips for Tropaeolum Peregrinum

To grow Tropaeolum peregrinum, you need to sow the seeds directly into the soil during the spring season. Make sure the soil is well-draining and fertile. You should water the plants regularly but avoid overwatering, as they do not like soggy soil. Provide them with plenty of sunlight and support for their climbing vines.

Benefits of Tropaeolum Peregrinum

Aside from its beauty, Tropaeolum peregrinum has several benefits. The plant attracts bees and butterflies to your garden, which helps with pollination. It also has medicinal properties and can be used to treat respiratory infections, digestive issues, and skin problems.

Tropaeolum Minus

Tropaeolum minus is also known as dwarf nasturtium or Alaska nasturtium. This type of nasturtium is an annual plant that grows up to 12 inches tall. The leaves are round with five lobes, and the flowers are bright yellow, orange, or red and bloom from early summer to fall. Gardeners love this type of nasturtium because it is compact and perfect for container gardening.

Growing Tips for Tropaeolum Minus

To grow Tropaeolum minus, you need to sow the seeds directly into the soil during the spring season. Make sure the soil is well-draining and fertile. You should water the plants regularly but avoid overwatering, as they do not like soggy soil. Provide them with plenty of sunlight and fertilizer to encourage healthy growth.

Benefits of Tropaeolum Minus

Aside from its beauty, Tropaeolum minus has several benefits. The plant attracts beneficial insects like ladybugs and lacewings, which eat pests like aphids and mites. It also has medicinal properties and can be used to treat respiratory infections, urinary tract infections, and skin problems.

Nasturtium Hybrids

Nasturtium hybrids are a combination of different types of nasturtiums. These plants have unique characteristics that make them stand out from other varieties. Some popular nasturtium hybrids include Whirlybird, Moonlight, and Empress of India.

Growing Tips for Nasturtium Hybrids

To grow nasturtium hybrids, you need to follow the same growing tips as other types of nasturtiums. Sow the seeds directly into the soil during the spring season, provide them with well-draining and fertile soil, and water them regularly. These plants may require more care and attention than other types of nasturtiums due to their unique characteristics.

Benefits of Nasturtium Hybrids

Nasturtium hybrids have several benefits, including their unique appearance and vibrant colors. They are also easy to grow and add a pop of color to any garden. Some hybrids have edible flowers and leaves, which add a peppery flavor to salads and soups.

Nasturtium Varieties

Nasturtium varieties are another way to categorize these unique flowers. There are several types of nasturtium varieties, including climbing, trailing, and bushy.

Growing Tips for Nasturtium Varieties

To grow nasturtium varieties, you need to follow the same growing tips as other types of nasturtiums. Sow the seeds directly into the soil during the spring season, provide them with well-draining and fertile soil, and water them regularly. The specific growing conditions may vary depending on the variety of nasturtium.

Benefits of Nasturtium Varieties

Nasturtium varieties have several benefits, including their versatility and unique appearance. They can be used in containers, hanging baskets, or as ground cover. Some varieties have edible flowers and leaves, which add a peppery flavor to salads and soups.

In nasturtiums are beautiful and unique flowers that come in a variety of types. Each type has its own characteristics and benefits, making them a popular choice among gardeners. To grow nasturtiums successfully, make sure to provide them with well-draining soil, plenty of sunlight, and regular watering.

FAQs

Q1. Are nasturtiums easy to grow?

Yes, nasturtiums are easy to grow and require minimal care. They are perfect for beginner gardeners.

Q2. Can I eat nasturtiums?

Yes, both the flowers and leaves of nasturtiums are edible and add a peppery flavor to salads and soups.

Q3. Do nasturtiums attract bees?

Yes, nasturtiums attract bees and butterflies to your garden, which helps with pollination.

Q4. Can I grow nasturtiums in containers?

Yes, nasturtiums are perfect for container gardening. Just make sure to provide them with well-draining soil and regular watering.

Q5. What is the best time to plant nasturtiums?

The best time to plant nasturtiums is during the spring season when the soil is warm and the risk of frost has passed.


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